Alignment Check
Tire Inspection Tips
Car Emergency Checklist
Tire Rotation and Balance
How To Read a Sidewall
Proper Tire Pressure
New vs Used Tires
State Tire Fees
Alignment Check 

Proper wheel alignment can help extend tire life.  Tire Discount Outlet helps you identify if your vehicle is out of alignment, explains what the alignment process includes, and defines common alignment settings such as positive and negative camber and toe-in and toe-out.

Misalignment of wheels in the front or rear, improperly operating brakes or shock absorbers, bent wheels, worn bushings, and any other mechanical problems can cause uneven and rapid treadwear. Each of these situations should be corrected immediately. Front-wheel-drive vehicles, and those with independent rear suspension, require alignment of all four wheels. Have your alignment checked periodically as specified by the vehicle owner's manual or whenever you have an indication of trouble such as pulling or vibration in the steering wheel. It is also important to note that front-wheel-drive vehicles and those with independent rear suspensions require special attention, and alignment should be checked periodically. A bad jolt - such as hitting a pothole - can throw your vehicle out of alignment. Such an impact can also bend the rim, causing a loss of air pressure and damage to your tires with little or no visible evidence present.

Tire Rotation

The purpose of regularly rotating tires is to achieve more uniform wear for all tires on a vehicle. Rotation is important because each tire on a car carries a different amount of weight, making them wear at different rates. By rotating them, you basically even out those differences. Follow your vehicle owner's manual for the appropriate rotation pattern for your vehicle.

Popular Rotation Patterns

The following are popular rotation patterns. However, some tires cannot be rotated according to popular patterns. Such tires include uni-directional tires with asymmetric tread designs. Also, some vehicles may have different sized tires mounted on the front and rear axles, and these different sized tires may also have rotation restrictions. Check your owner's manual or visit Tire Discount Outlet for recommendations for these special cases.

Tire balancing

Everyday driving can affect the balance of your tires. Your tires can come out of balance, routine inspections for tire rotation and balance can extend the life of your tires and increase your driving enjoyment.

You may have noticed small metallic weights placed on the rim of your tire. These weights help the tire and wheel assembly remain balanced at all speeds. At high speeds a tire that is not balanced properly can generate severe vibrations. An unbalanced tire and wheel can also lead to irregular tread wear and shorten the life of your tire. Quality-made tires with higher uniformity require fewer wheel weights.

Some expensive alloy wheels can be damaged with the use of standard lead weights and may require the use of a coated weight.

Proper tire pressure

Driving on any tire that does not have the correct inflation pressure is dangerous. Recent research by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) indicates about 30% of cars and light trucks have at least one tire under-inflated by 8 psi or more (DOT HS 809 317). Under-inflated tires and overloaded vehicles are the leading cause of tire failure. It is extremely difficult to tell just by looking at your tires if they are properly inflated. Purchase an accurate tire gauge and check your tire pressures at least once a month along with their overall condition. Proper inflation pressure for your tires may be found in the vehicle owner's manual or the vehicle's tire information placard. Never exceed the maximum pressure indicated on the tire sidewall. Making sure that your vehicle is operating with properly inflated tires will make you safer on the highways and increase fuel savings.

Where to find the correct OE Inflation Pressure

You will find the original equipment (OE) recommended pressure on a placard or sticker in the driver's side door jam, glove compartment or near the gas cap. If your vehicle does not have a placard, check the owner's manual or consult one of our installers. The tire placard tells you the maximum vehicle load, the cold tire pressure, and the tire size recommended by the vehicle manufacturer. Air pressures may be different for front and rear tires.

When to check Tire Pressure

Check inflation pressure, including the spare, at least once a month and before every long road trip. Tires should be checked when they are cold (before they have run a mile). Otherwise, your tires will have heated up, increasing the air pressure inside them by several pounds. If you must drive over a mile for air, record each tire's pressure before you start. At the station, measure each tire inflation again and if the pressure has increased, adjust the amount of additional air pressure needed. For example, if cold pressure should be 35PSI, but cold pressure was 28PSI, and current pressure is 33PSI, you should inflate the warm tires to 40PSI. Never "bleed" or reduce the air pressure in a hot tire. Failure to maintain correct inflation pressures may result in rapid wear and uneven tread wear, improper vehicle handling and excessive heat buildup, which may result in tire failure.

How do tires lose pressure?

Tires naturally lose pressure through the process of permeation or, air passing through the pores of the tire. Changes in outdoor temperature can affect the rate at which tires lose air. This change is more pronounced in hot weather. Generally speaking, a tire will lose one or two pounds of air pressure per month in cool weather and even more in hot weather. Remember, under-inflation is the leading cause of tire failure, so check inflation pressure regularly.

Using your spare

Many late-model vehicles are equipped with temporary spare tires and wheels that are different from your regular tires and wheels. It is important to realize that these spares have far more limitations than a typical tire, including speed and recommended driving distance. Some may require higher inflation pressure, or the use of special canisters to inflate the tire. You should familiarize yourself with the spare by reading the owner's manual and the sidewall of the spare. And remember to check the air pressure of your spare frequently.

Other Tips:
  • Never "bleed" or reduce air pressure when tires are hot. It is normal for pressures to build up as a result of driving.

  • Make sure all tire valves and extensions are equipped with valve caps with rubber gaskets to keep out dirt and moisture.

  • Have a new valve stem assembly installed whenever a tire is replaced.

  • Underinflation or overloading creates excessive heat, and can lead to tire failure, which could result in vehicle damage and/or serious injury or death.

Uneven Wear

At least once a month, inspect your tires closely for signs of tire damage such as cuts or punctures as well as uneven or excessive wear. Uneven wear patterns may be caused by improper inflation pressures, misalignment, improper balance, or suspension neglect. If not corrected, further tire damage will occur.

Tire Wear - Is It Time To Replace?

Tires should be replaced when the tread is worn down to 2/32nds, or one-sixteenth of an inch. Checking the tread depth of your tires costs just a penny! Take a penny and insert it into the tread with President Lincoln's head down. If you can see the top of his head your tires are at or below 2/32nds. If a portion of his head is covered, you have more than 2/32nds. Built-in tread wear indicators, or "wear bars," which look like narrow strips of smooth rubber across the tread, will also appear on the tire when that point of wear is reached. Tires may need to be replaced sooner, if there is excessive uneven wear, meaning one area of the tread is significantly more worn down than other areas. This uneven wear can cause further damage.

Other Things to Look For:
  • Look for any stones, bits of glass, metal, or other foreign objects in the tread or sidewall. These may work deeper into the tire and cause air loss.

  • If any tire continually needs more air, have us check to find out why it is leaking. Damage to the tire, wheel, or valve may be the problem.

Tire Damage - Repair or Replace?

Which types of tire damage are serviceable? The answer to that question depends upon the injury itself. Every injury, including punctures, scrapes, bulges, separations, or cuts should be evaluated. Often, small punctures isolated to the tread of the tire can be repaired by a professional. It is important that the tire is repaired using the Rubber Manufacturer Association's guidelines for permanent repair.

Ignoring a damaged tire and continuing to drive on it can turn an inexpensive fix into an expensive problem. Damaged tires lose air, causing their operating temperature to rise, which can cause some components to separate, or damage the tire body in ways that ruin it.

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How to read a Tire Sidewall

A tire’s sidewall is pretty much what it sounds like – the outer and inner “walls” on the sides of a tire, if facing a tire on its side. Every sidewall has its own unique information that is divided into three main sections:

Tire Specs

This describes the fundamental characteristics of your tire. Size, construction, speed rating and more.

  1. Tire Type Commonly you may find the letter "P" at the beginning of the size information. For example, the letter "P" denotes that the tire is for a "Passenger Vehicle" meeting the standards for use in the United States, intended for Passenger vehicles.

  2. Width This is the the tire width measured in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall. In this example, the tire is 225 millimeters wide from sidewall to sidewall.

  3. Aspect Ratio This is the ratio of the height of the tire's cross-section to its width. The two-digit number after the slash mark in a tire size is the aspect ratio. For example, this P225/60R15 tire, the 60 denotes the height of the sidewall is 60% of the width of the tire.

  4. Construction The letter "R", common in most tires denotes that this tire's construction is "RADIAL" - a popular, reliable and very common construction type.

  5. Wheel Diameter Your tire's diameter is the size of the wheel it's intended to fit on, measured from one edge to the other. A size P225/60R15 tire is designed for a wheel with a 15" diameter.

  6. Load Index The load index number and speed symbol correspond to the maximum load-carrying capacity of the tire and its maximum speed capability. The load index is an assigned number that corresponds with the load-carrying capacity of the tire. For example, "96" indicates a load-carrying capacity of 1565 lb. at maximum inflation pressure. The load index for most passenger car tires ranges from 75-100.

  7. Speed Rating Speed ratings are determined by indoor laboratory testing methods, which measure high-speed tire durability under controlled test conditions. These test procedures do not take into account underinflation, tire damage, vehicle characteristics or road conditions which can lead to sudden tire failure or loss of vehicle control at much lower speeds than indicated by the tire's speed rating.

 
Department of Transportation Safety Code

This assures that your tire complies with all Department of Transportation (DOT) safety standards. After the DOT insignia is your tire’s identification number, which begins with the tire’s manufacturer and plant code where the tire was manufactured (two numbers or letters). The ninth and tenth characters tell the week the tire was manufactured. The final number(s) signifies the year the tire was manufactured.

UTQG Code

The Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG) was established by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to test tires following government prescribed test methods and then grade each tire on three main components:​

  • Treadwear This is the wear rate of the tire, comparable only to other tires within a tire manufacturer’s line. 100 is the baseline grade. Therefore a tire with 200 would theoretically last twice as long on the government’s course compared to a tire with 100.

  • Traction Traction grades are AA, A, B and C (with AA being the highest grade). They represent the tire’s ability to stop straight on wet pavement as measure on a specified government track. Any tire rated under C is considered unacceptable for road travel.

  • Temperature The temperature grades, from highest to lowest, are A, B and C. These represent the tire’s ability to dissipate heat under controlled indoor test conditions. Any tire rated below C is considered unacceptable.

Be prepared for anything with an emergency car kit

The only thing worse than being stuck on the road is being stuck on the side of the road, or worse, completely off the road. Many of us are woefully under-prepared for any lengthy vehicular stoppages, but it's never too late to fix that. A good emergency kit is the perfect companion for when your road trip, day/night drive, or even that simple trip to the supermarket takes an unexpected turn. Everyone from experienced drivers to teenagers going solo for the first time should put their trunks to good use -- by packing the items below, you could turn an unforeseen stop or detour into something much more tolerable.

Everyday essentials

The closer to home you are, the more likely you'll be able to find quick help. Still, these items can turn a ruined day into a minor inconvenience on the way to making that appointment or getting home in good time.

Sustenance

  • Non-perishable food - forget breakfast as you were rushing out the door? Stuck in traffic with a rumbling stomach? Energy bars were made for situations like this, and have a decent shelf life

  • Disinfecting wipes

  • Garbage bag - always respect your mobile home away from home.

 

Survival

  • Water - if you're unlucky enough to break down on a hot day, you'll be glad you have it. Bottled water is great and is refillable, but water pouches are also available if you need to save space and don't have a tap at the ready. Water is also useful for cleaning things, both people- and car-related

  • Flashlight

  • Batteries - for the flashlight, and anything else that doesn't plug in.

  • Rain poncho - the only thing worse than unexpectedly changing a tire is unexpectedly changing a tire in the rain.

  • Duct tape - for quick, easy fixes.

  • Phone charger - a charged phone can show you where the nearest gas station, repair shop, parking, and other important services are.

  • Small shovel - for digging yourself out of trouble.

 

Safety

  • Replacement headlight bulbs

  • Multi-purpose knife

  • Ice scraper - winter is closer than you think.

  • First aid kit - don't forget the aspirin.

  • Road flares

  • Gloves and/or clean rags - working under the hood can get messy.

  • Extra fuses

  • Jumper cables or battery booster

  • Sunglasses - road glare is an unforgiving beast and sun visors never seem to position themselves in the right spot. And for those of us with less than stellar eyesight, an extra pair of glasses or spare contacts and contact solution can prove to be very insightful.

  • Tire jack and lug wrench - make sure they're where they're supposed to be.

  • Tire pressure gauge

  • Car manual - you may also want to brush up on basic car care maintenance before you head out. Knowing tire safety is a good place to start.

​​

Road trip requirements

Pack these provisions along with the above items, and make your next long-distance drive a worry-free expedition.

 

Sustenance

  • Food - if you plan on driving longer distances try dry cereal, almonds and other nuts, jerky, and sports drinks. Just be sure to check those expiration dates. And remember - cars get hot, and things tend to melt.

  • Sanitation

  • Toilet paper - you just never know. Remove the cardboard tubes and flatten the roll to save room

  • Toothbrush

  • Floss

  • Soap - your seatmates will thank you.Ziploc bags - use them to store the above items. Double their duty and use them to store excess trash.

 

Survival

  • Water filter - there are many lightweight, inexpensive options to choose from.

  • Maps - yes, your phone does directions too, but just in case.

  • Hand/foot warmers

  • Heavy-duty blanket - if your situation turns into an overnighter.

  • Utility rope

  • Wooden/waterproof matches

  • Sleeping bag - if your stop becomes an overnighter.

  • Walking/hiking shoes

  • Other basic car care items - your car gets thirsty, too. Having extra oil, antifreeze, and windshield washer fluid on hand can turn potential panic into just another pit stop.

 

Sanity

  • A good musical playlist

  • Earbuds - for when the replacement driver's musical playlist is not good.

  • Lip balm - it's never around when you need it the most.

New vs Used Tires

One of the most critical components in driving safety is good tires.  Proper wheel alignment, good tire treads, regular tire rotation and high-quality tires all work together to improve gas mileage, handling, braking and the overall safety of your automobile.

Tire Discount Outlet has a large selection of new and used tires to fit anyone's budget.

Trouble deciding between new or used tires?   New Tires, although covered under warranties by the manufacturer, the high dollar amount can be detracting and not so ideal when in a financial pinch or when you leased the vehicle.

With used tires the disadvantage is that they are not covered by a manufacturer warranty but, an advantage of going used is when you save $100's compared to new tires. Check out these price comparisons with top brands including Firestone, Goodyear, BFGoodrich, Bridgestone, Toyo, Continental and others.

This makes replacing your tires more affordable since you're getting high quality tires that still have up to 90% of tread life remaining for up to 55% off retail prices. Now that's a discount you can afford.

Is your lease coming due soon? You'll pay a penalty for tires that don't have enough tread or that don't match the manufacturer's requirements. Did you get a flat and are driving around on a spare tire? How about uneven wear due to a bad alignment? These are all great reasons to buy used and save money on your car or truck.

Buying used tires helps to save the environment. Recycling tires helps to reduce landfill waste and reduces the amount of petroleum products like oil that we consume.

Finding your tires couldn't be easier. You can buy single tires, pairs and sets of tires for your car or truck by searching our site. Simply request a quote or give us a call at 216-417-1597 If we don't have the exact match in stock we can recommend another brand that matches your vehicle's OEM specification.

State Tire Fees

In many states, a fee applies to every purchase of new tires. In most cases, these fees are collected by the tire seller – so here at Tire Discount Outlet, we may collect your state’s fees when you purchase tires. While nobody likes paying fees, state tire fees go to a very good cause – the collection, storage, processing, and use of scrap tires. State-funded tire recycling programs are responsible for decreasing the number of stockpiled scrap tires in the U.S. from more nearly 580 million in 1994 to around 111 million in 2010.

Scrap tire legislation has been a priority in many states in recent years, largely because of the effect of tires on the environment. Tires aren’t biodegradable, so when they’re buried in a landfill, they remain in the same form forever. Not only do tires not disintegrate over time, but they also can't be compacted like other types of solid waste. However, the components of tires can be recycled into reusable products, which is something many states are extremely interested in pursuing. Some of the potential uses include playground surfaces, mulch, and asphalt.

 

Many states have used the funds collected from tire disposal fees to find new uses for materials from recycled tires. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, Florida, California, Arizona, Alaska, and New Jersey have used rubber from tires in asphalt rubber for highway pavement. Iowa and South Dakota have been able to use recycled tire materials for civil engineering purposes, as well as tire-derived fuel. Drain fields for septic systems made from tire shreds have been created in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina. Oklahoma and Vermont have used scrap tires to stabilize riverbanks and slopes. As state research continues, funded by tire disposal fees, the potential new uses for recycled tires keep on growing.

Tire Discount Outlet charges a dollar ($1.00) per tire disposal fee, for disposing of your old tires after installing a new set. This fee covers the cost for the private service that picks up old tires and properly disposes of them.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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*Although we make every attempt to provide correct information on our website, mistakes do happen and we apologize for any confusion due to any error.  Prices and availability are subject to change without notice and we reserve the right to uphold current in store pricing.* © 2019 tirediscountoutlet.net